The End of Europe: Dictators, Demagogues, and the Coming


10 thoughts on “The End of Europe: Dictators, Demagogues, and the Coming Dark Age

  1. Victoria Mottram Victoria Mottram says:

    James Kirchick has a interesting perspective on European current affairs Having lived in Europe for six years as a journalist he draws on his wealth of experience to assess how politics is changing and the challenges to the Western values of liberalism and democracy that are increasingly overt across the continentDivided into chapters focusing on different states he is able to appreciate the uniue ualities of each threat to the EU from the whitewashing of history in Hungary the intervention of Russia in the East and of course Brexit By placing Brexit within a wider context of unrest across Europe Kirchick predicts the further destabilisation of liberalism and a future of a continent of competing states I also found his assessment of the Labour Party and its 'demagogue' leader to be an amusing take on the schisms in British politics although he warns of the dangers to democracy of having a weak Opposition who isn't fighting for the most European integration possible post BrexitThat is perhaps the largest threat to this book's argument As with many journalists Kirchick has an agenda He is staunchly pro EU and his conclusion offers some hope for those who agree with him However I found the discursive nature of this book to be its most redeeming uality Whilst at times I found myself arguing with his ideas and opposing his statements I also found agreeing and conceding at times I especially found his assessment of the migrant crisis to be particularly biting critical yet fair I would highly recommend this book to anyone interested in European or British politics A politically engaged audience will find it a light and fascinating read that can easily prompt hours of discussion and debate


  2. Owlseyes Owlseyes says:

    “The sad fact is that in Europe today there’s only one group of people who are regularly killed on the basis of their identity” And since US President Donald Trump had ordered the removal of all US forces from the Baltic States in 2019 — his demand that NATO members “pay” for American protection oblivious to the fact that Estonia was one of the handful of countries meeting the alliance threshold of spending 2 percent of its GDP on defense — Putin no longer worried that his move into Estonia might set off an automatic American “tripwire”At the September 2017 federal elections the AfD broke new ground in postwar German politics when it became the first party to the right of the Christian Democrats to enter the Bundestag winning 20 percent So it was that Sahra Wagenknecht became Germany’s foreign ministerImmediately upon taking office in 2017 Le Pen fulfilled her pledge to hold a referendum on withdrawing France from the EU which she won handilyFulfilling his campaign pledge Corbyn withdrew the UK from NATO and expelled American military bases from BritainThe breakup of the EU was proceeding apace The outer edges of Europe were beset with their own crises The secessionist flame lit by the successful Scottish independence campaign spread like wildfire Catalonia finally voted to split from Spain and the Veneto region seceded from ItalyWhat you have just read is a work of speculative fiction US soldiers arrive in Lithuania to ‘reassure’ NATO allies amid Ukrainian crisis American soldiers stand on the tarmac after arriving at the air force base near Siauliai Zuokniai Lithuania on April 26 2014 AFP PhotoPetras Malukas Soldiers of ard infantry battalion Panzergrenadierbataillon 122 of the Bundeswehr the German armed forces attend a ceremony to mark their pending deployment to Lithuania on 19 January 2017 in Oberviechtach Germany Johannes SimonGetty Images 8000 NATO troops launch exercise near Russian Norwegian border PHOTOS VIDEOIn voilá Russia is destabilizing the Continent in every frontJames Kirchick March 15 2017 Mar 09 2017UPDATEA specter is haunting Europe The specter of populist nationalism James Kirchick November 15 2017He was referring to the post communist German left party Marine Le Pen in France and the Italian 5 stars movement What would he say of today? Maybe that the specter reached gigantic proportions in the Hungary of Orban with Brexit with Salvini in Italyor Vox in Spain to name a few Plus Steve Bannon in the USAand EuropeWhy not speaking of renewal and new opportunities?? Or the crumbling of the Old OrderWhy not saying The End of the EU?Long lives Europe blue Europe


  3. Stephen Selbst Stephen Selbst says:

    Kirchick is better on politics than economics His analysis of the rise of illiberal parties and governments and the dangers of Russia's perpetual efforts to undermine the West are perceptive and informative But his analysis of the Greek economy is superficial and flawed It's just a scolding regurgitation of a banker's catalog of alleged Greek sins Moreover although he chastises both far right and leftistpopulist movements he never acknowledges why many European voters are tired of existing political choices and why the new ish parties although repugnant to him are attracting votes and support This book had a ton of pre publication buzz but I was underwhelmed The signalnoise ratio made me uestion the effort of slogging through some deeply turgid prose


  4. Carl Carl says:

    This is a highly biased account of the difficulties facing Europe by an American neocon He makes his points by means of analyses of contemporary Germany Estonia France Great Britain Greece the EU There is a lot of good information but the obvious bias inclusion of opinion make it very hard to digest not to speak of trusting


  5. Charles J Charles J says:

    This is a silly and shallow book But it is not worthless because it serves to exemplify and clarify modern political fracture lines In the West the major political split today is between those who view the modern liberal project of maximum individual freedom and maximum democracy as long as the voters make the correct choices as the ultimate and unuestionable good and those who view that project as either inherently defective or sharply limited in the good it brings to humanity If Ryszard Legutko in his criticism of European “liberal democracy” in The Demon in Democracy had conjured that demon to physical form it would be James Kirchick—although perhaps Kirchick would manifest only as an imp or familiar in thrall to some greater demon lurking in the wings such as George Soros In The End of Europe Dictators Demagogues and the Coming Dark Age Kirchick a clever but ignorant American thirty something whose admirably polished prose serves to obfuscate his puerility lavishes unreflective worship on every single thing that Legutko despises Kirchick offers very many dark mutterings but he does very little reasoning and like many millennials his historical knowledge can most charitably be described as spotty The net effect is that of a lengthy unreasoned tirade but one which serves to clearly mark one pole of today’s politicsDespite his alarmist subtitle Kirchick makes no effort to actually persuade the reader that there looms a “coming dark age” Rather his book has two related objects The first is to claim that “liberal democracy” is the best system ever invented with no drawbacks at all and the measure of any society is solely where it stands on a scale drawn by Kirchick with only movement toward the end of the scale being permissible where a big red crayon has written out “100% LIBERAL DEMOCRACY” The second closely related goal is to persuade the reader that modern Russia is Mordor and Vladimir Putin is Sauron whose baleful lidless eye is fixed on Europe eager to twist to his evil purposes the uniuely powerful talisman of 100% LIBERAL DEMOCRACY anything else than which is necessarily a “dark age” Kirchick begins with clearly laying out without discussion or introspection his view that the European Union is “the greatest experiment in political cooperation in human history” whose only relevant characteristic is its supra national commitment to “liberal democracy” He identifies any deviation from this paradise as “The European Nightmare” the title of his Introduction and he identifies such deviations in a number of so called crises each arising in a particular country and being a crisis only and to the extent it shows deviation from liberal democracyKirchick makes extreme claims for the liberal democracy of the EU All these “crises share a root cause the lack of solidarity They can be ameliorated only by cohesion political economic military and cultural” None of “protection of individual rights freedom of speech and religion would be possible without European cooperation” Not for Kirchick any response to those who like Legutko note that the EU is only for individual rights and freedom of speech and religion if and to the extent to they serve liberal democracy—Legutko’s “coercion to freedom” No for Kirchick 100% LIBERAL DEMOCRACY is a delicious and refreshing melding of the Holy Grail and the Fountain of Youth Kirchick ends his Introduction by trying to show why Americans should care about Europe claiming that “the arguments you are about to read stem from a conviction that the values and interests uniting Americans and Europeans are far numerous and of greater import than anything which divides us”But there are no arguments in this book Instead there is a series of what amount to journal entries on individual countries in which Kirchick uotes and defers to exclusively left wing and radically pro EU academics and politicians assembling not arguments but a litany of what are supposed to be horror stories about any individual or entity that does not bow down with joy before the EU’s priests And since every morality play needs a devil that role in every chapter is played by Vladimir Putin whom Kirchick treats as interchangeable with “Russia”Despite referring to “liberal democracy” in reverent tones on nearly every page and referring constantly to “illiberal democracy” as its supposed opposite Kirchick nowhere attempts any type of definitions For him a protean conception is useful for reasons I discuss below as well as easy since after all thinking is hard especially if you’re uneducated But I infer his definition is much the same as Legutko’s—it is a system where maximization of individual liberty is seen as paramount and inevitable and direct governance by the masses is always better—except where the holder of liberties dares to use it to suggest that maximum liberty is not always better or that there should be limits on autonomic individualism or that authority outside of the individual should exist or where the holder of votes dares to vote for anyone who opposes what Kirchick demands In those cases the holders of liberties and votes are the enemies of Man who would bring the “Coming Dark Age”And those enemies of Man are legion at least in Kirchick’s fever dreams Naturally enough Kirchick begins with Russia In order to grab the reader’s attention he starts with the threats Russia poses to its neighbors the Baltic states and Ukraine Those threats are real enough and if I were Estonian I’d bury machine guns in back yards too something Estonia is having its citizens do although Kirchick doesn’t mention it probably since outlawing any private holding of guns is a key component of liberal democracy in which only certain freedoms are permitted But Kirchick uickly pivots to his real objection to Russia—it lacks “our values” and the only way it can be allowed to be “regarded as an eual in the international system” is by “earning that privilege” through achieving “measurable tasks modernization and liberalization” Russia must be treated as a pariah unless it pursues “joining the West and embracing its liberal values” for after all the West is nothing but a “group of societies defined by shared values”Thus Russia’s values are the opposite of the West’s supposedly “shared values” And what are Russia’s unacceptable “reactionary” values? Why Christianity and nationalism of course which are “illiberal and authoritarian” Kirchick is appalled and assumes the reader is eually appalled by Putin saying of the West “We can see how many of the Euro Atlantic countries are actually rejecting their roots including the Christian values that constitute the basis of Western civilization They are denying moral principles and all traditional identities national cultural religion and even sexual” Kirchick’s deep and panicked fear is that “Russia now provides a sort of intellectual glue to unite disparate illiberal forces across the continent and around the world” He uotes an American academic that because of “Moscow’s leadership norms privileging state security civilizational diversity and traditional values over liberal democracy now enjoy significant backing and they are reshaping the international environment” Kirchick presents no argument about this—he simply assumes that is obviously a terrible outcome The unmitigated horror of “privileging state security civilizational diversity and traditional values” is apparently self evidentI don’t know about you but all that makes me think Putin is awesome because he’s totally right and he’s totally privileging the right things Let’s not go too far—Putin is very much not a nice man and Russia’s interests diverge from America’s just as ours do from Europe’s But that doesn’t mean he’s not correct about many things and that he is correct frankly makes him of a potential ally to American conservatives in the real global struggle to renew our civilization than Angela Merkel or any analogue Perhaps aware that his claims are weak and far from self proving Kirchick deliberately and repeatedly conflates Soviet Russia with today’s Russia and strongly implies that today’s Russia is the greater threat because of its evil values of Christianity and nationalism for the one value that cannot be uestioned is that “a human being is an end unto himself” This is the core of Kirchick’s “thought” and the closest he comes to an argument in favor of liberal democracy No traditional conservative would agree with that sentiment; why precisely is beyond the scope of this review but we can agree that Kirchick has hoisted his pirate flag and flown it high such that there is no doubt where he stands even if we are never given any clear reason whyHaving done the reader the favor of showing his real fear which is a set of universal and formerly universally honored values rather than the country or rulers of Russia Kirchick turns to other countries First up is Hungary about which I know uite a bit since I’m half Hungarian and have spent uite a bit of time there It does not appear that Kirchick has spent any time there and he apparently knows none of the language since he refers to it as “inscrutable” Instead he relies on the rantings of a handful of leftist academics and journalists Naturally he begins with a highly inaccurate history of Hungary’s role in World War Two and the Holocaust seemingly attempting to establish that anyone whose highest value isn’t liberal democracy really wants to kill Jews Then he spends the rest of the chapter attacking the wildly popular right of center government led by Viktor Orbán for having the wrong values and bad taste in sculpture to boot Orbán’s unforgivable sin is that he has dared to call for “breaking with the dogmas and ideologies that have been adopted by the West and keeping ourselves independent from them”Kirchick does not give any examples of actual illegitimate behavior by Orbán since Hungary unlike Russia very much has “the rule of law a free press individual rights an independent judiciary and respect for due process” Instead he claims Hungary is not a “real democracy” because “a key feature distinguishing real democracies from ones that exist solely on paper is respect for the culture and spirit of democracy a uality defined in the truest sense of the word as ‘liberalism’” In other words if you don’t agree with Kirchick’s program you have false consciousness so you’re not a democracy at all Kirchick therefore demands that Hungary be punished by the EU by aggressive financial penalties and expulsion if Hungary will not do as it is told thus exemplifying what tolerance actually means to people like himKirchick does not at any place state what “traditional values” are or why they bad just that they reside in the outer darkness relative to the life giving light of liberal democracy They are dreadful and even referring to them in a positive manner should result in removal from any civilized community of nations Presumably he thinks any objective moral standards are “traditional values” since to be an end to oneself totally atomized and under no authority is explicitly Kirchick’s highest human good Although he nowhere mentions it in the book Kirchick’s primary career is being a homosexual activist whose main claim to fame is appearing in 2013 as an invited guest on Russian television and being kicked out after refusing to address the topic at hand Bradley Manning’s sentencing instead ranting about Russia’s inadeuately enlightened treatment of homosexuals His homosexuality is not incidental to his views in this book As has become clear in America and generally in the West homosexual activists though not necessarily homosexuals per se are the enemy of all traditional values and of Christianity which embodies those values in particular Rather than accepting a compromise of sorts which could have been envisioned just a few years ago homosexual activists increasingly demand the extermination of all opposing views and the destruction of traditional Christianity and of Islam—perhaps one reason Kirchick is highly Islamophobic The reader is justified in concluding that much of Kirchick’s demand for liberal democracy is the smokescreen of a bigot concealing a demand for greater acceptance of his sexual practices and the destruction of opposition to his sexual practices which if you look at his personal website and other writings are clearly the main focus and driver of his political thoughtAs far as Hungary goes fortunately Orbán is still in power and Kirchick and his dubious friends are not I note with pleasure that this month April 2017 Hungary passed a law effectively attacking Central European University in Budapest which the malevolent George Soros has used as a beachhead to attack traditional values full disclosure I took courses there in 1991 In fact such actions by Orbán should serve as a model for American conservatives For decades liberals have attacked and repressed conservatives while conservatives refused to stoop to brutal political tactics and the use of personal and career destruction This was a mistake The only way to win is to punch back twice as hard and keep punching We should all emulate Orbán in this and celebrate his successes I certainly doNext Kirchick has a long chapter on Germany a country about which unlike Hungary he actually seems to know a lot It appears he lives or lived there and speaks fluent German Germany of course has all the correct values other than a few benighted souls who have been effectively and justly repressed in order to end repression so the point of his chapter is that the Germans as a country need to step up and aggressively defend liberal democracy against Sauron Again Kirchick treats Putin as at least a great a threat to the West as the Soviet Union; he lectures us that the Cold War worked out for Germany despite widespread and dubious unilateral pacifism but it may well not work out against the eually great threat of PutinThis boring chapter segues into the next on the European Union as a whole Here Kirchick to his credit is honest about the huge problems caused by Muslim immigration to Europe from economic parasitism to massive increases in rape as well as the illiberal measures taken by countries such as Germany and Sweden to suppress native born dissent and pretend Everything Is Wonderful At first glance this seems a bit odd since Kirchick’s position here opposes that of the EU’s liberal democratic rulers who uniformly preach how wonderful unrestricted immigration is But upon reflection Kirchick does this in service of his broader thesis since his main point here isn’t the problems created by immigration but the reaction by conservatives and right wing groups in Europe which is meant to show that the fascists are lurking everywhere just waiting for the will of liberal democracy to waver so they can take over and impose evil “traditional values” Naturally Kirchick nowhere notes that the EU itself is highly undemocratic with its structures deliberately designed to prevent elections resulting in any change of or deviation from the ruling ideologyKirchick rejects offhand the main practical justification for allowing unfettered immigration—that since Europeans have such a low birth rate young people have to come from somewhere to work and maintain the welfare state We can leave aside the uestion whether immigration in practice actually accomplishes that goal His brief argument is that unemployment is already high so why do we need workers? That seems simplistic to me but importantly other than one mention here of “declining birthrates and an aging population” at no place in the book does Kirchick even once address the massive demographic decline and associated enervation and stagnation that constitutes one of the if not the main structural challenge for Europe as a whole Perhaps this is because it does not fit his thesis of “liberal democracy makes everything wonderful” or because Putin’s Russia has a higher birthrate that is getting higher presumably showing the confidence of Russians in Russia’s futureNext up is France where again Kirchick’s focus is on the problems caused by Islam including but hardly limited to extensive anti Semitic violence the title of the chapter in fact is “France Without Jews” Then Kirchick covers Britain The UK of course is a huge problem for Kirchick since Brexit suggests that in a democracy the people may in fact not want liberal democracy and he can’t make up lies about Britain like he can about Hungary because Americans actually have direct access to the truth Kirchick flails about incorrectly claiming that Brexit has brought economic catastrophe to Britain—in fact as of April 2017 the British economy has done better than before Brexit He breathlessly claims “a 500 percent increase in hate crimes in Britain”—but his “evidence” is a left wing newspaper article published a week after the vote where online “331 hate crime incidents were reported to a site compared with a weekly average of 63” These incidents included the horror of “negative social media commentary” and apparently involved no violence at all if any of the reports were even true at all unlikely given that we have seen that essentially all reports of pro Trump violence after the November election were fabricated as these probably were too He attacks Nigel Farage and Boris Johnson and again Kirchick shows his literaryhistorical ignorance uoting an anonymous attack on Johnson as “Boris told such dreadful liesit made one gasp and stretch one’s eyes” unaware that is a uote from Hilaire Belloc’s satirical children’s poem Matilda Who Told Lies And Was Burned To Death Kirchick jitters about like a decapitated Chicken Little whose severed head chants “The sky is falling” Which for him perhaps it is as shown by Brexit’s very happeningKirchick finishes his list of “crises” with a chapter on Greece which like the country is dull and pointless not to mention that Greece is totally peripheral to Europe; and a chapter on Ukraine about which Kirchick doesn’t care except that if Putin manages to dominate Ukraine it “would signal a decisive blow against the values of liberalism” and therefore cause Kirchick’s head already in terrible pain from Brexit to explodeReview briefly finished as first comment


  6. Ryan Barker Ryan Barker says:

    A clear eyed relatively unbiased analysis of the current state of Europe and where it could go in the future Kirchick isn't pushing an agenda and offers factual analysis If you are reading this as a partisan reader there's a chance you'll be offended by at least one of his points that will disagree with your narrative


  7. Chris Jaffe Chris Jaffe says:

    This was a very good book about the current status of Europe or accurately how an era of European history appears to be falling by the wayside and a nastier period beginning I don't always agree with everything Kirchick says in his analysis but he backs up his points fairly well That makes sense as he is a member of a foreign policy think tank in Washington and has written articles on EuropeAside from a brief intro and a similarly length conclusion the book consists of eight chapters Seven detail the ongoings in a particular European country and the eighth on the European Union itself Each chapter looks at how something is going wrong in modern EuropeThe first chapter is on Russia the most important country in the demise of the old European order Putin has a neo Breznhev Doctrine but one mixed with a fascist blood and soil belief Putin is a kleptocrat but he has a genuine belief in Russian exceptionalism that guides his policies Putin sees Russia as a force to oppose western decadence hedionism self indulgence and materialism He seeks Russian dominion in the former Soviet republics and influence beyond He sueezes the Baltics seeing that as a way to possibly end NATO and he could be right He finances disruptive Russian organizations in the Baltics He has gotten Russia involved in other countries' affairs most notably the 2016 DNC hack And Kirchick is pretty critical of how the Obama administration consistently minimized the real threat Russia posed until then Kirchick notes that declining powers are often the most least risk aversive and there has been an uptick in loose talk on using nukes in RussiaNext Kirchick goes to Hungary There the ruling party is falsifying their WWII past ignoring Hungarian compliciancy with the Nazis and pretending the crimes were eually against all Hungarians with nothing especially heavy directed at Jews They dispute the singularity of the Holocaust They argue that communism was a Jewish revenge on them Only Russia does to manipulate its history with WWII Many maps and bumper stickers et al in Hungary portray Greater Hungary not just the current borders They blame the WWII era treaty for losing the land and ignore the Nazi alliance that caused them to lose it Budapest mind you has 100000 Jews the most in East Europe But Budapest has doubled down on Magyar nationalism and has harrassed NGOs They point to the alternative party Jobbik as worse It is but the ruling party doesn't really seem to mind it much The ruling party's approach is meanwhile catching on in Poland Slovakia and the Czech Republic A chapter on Germany is a bit weaker because it takes a while to get into the point He basically argues that Germany desire for peace and tranuility has a nationalist edge to it as they talk the most about it when it serves their interest and they are willing to do business with unsavory sorts The SPD is the weak link in the west's united front against Russian subversion He notes the Germany tends to downplay Russian problems and tends to be especially annoyed at American issues The chapter begins with wikileaks and how Germany was far offended by it than France He also doesn't think much of Edward Snowden arguging that all states do espionage and if Snowden really was so offended by US governmental actions he should've focused on internal issues Wikileaks turned into the biggest wedge in US Germany relations since the Ira War As Russia has become aggressive Germany has become conciliatory Kirchick argues that the modern Ostpolitik elevates peace above all other concerns even if it means letting someone take advantage of you I think Kirchick presses his points too far in this section but he makes a decent overall pointWe finally get the chapter on the EU itself Kirchick thinks that the EU needs to re figure its approach to asylum seekers You get many low skilled young unattached men showing up 73% are men That's a receipt for a messy situation and then you add in the cultural differences in general an in gender relations between secular Europe and the Muslim Mid East Europe has less prosperous immigrants than the US and a robust welfare states which both causes problems and friction Parties like the Swedish Democrats have come to the fore opposing the migrants Mainstream parties refuse denounce this decrying all anti asylum attitudes as racist Kirchick argues that the blanket use of this term overlooks the real problems going on and then plays into the hands of the actual racists Russian disinformation campaigns plays into this as well Again Kirchick does a good job making the argument but I think he misses another serious problem with the current EU economically it's been doing a really bad job serving the needs of the many If there really was a rising economic tide lifting boats people wouldn't be so put off by the immigration issue But Kirchick never really addresses it focusing on culturalimmigration matters aloneKirchick goes to France h0me to Europe's largest Jewish population and its largest Muslim population And this is a problem as Jews have begun migrating out of France in larger numbers Problem I never got much of a sense of scale He notes that 8000 Jews left in 2015 a four fold increase in four years but out of how many? 300000 is a number mentioned early in the chapter but it isn't clear if that is the actual number or not Kirchick argues that the French are in denial about the bad relations between Jews and Muslims in France especially by Muslims towards Jews He argues that Jews have been having to re ghettoize themselves for protection their synagogues are becoming fortresses Meanwhile he says that cops firemen and social workers fear to tread in Muslim areas Really? I'd like some info on this as it sounds a bit hyperventilating He also says that ignoring this issue has led to a greater presence for anti Semitism as people blame Jews for having the problems find no problem in a conflation of anti Semitismanti Israel feelings and decry any opposing viewpoints as Islamophobic The chapter on England focuses naturally on Brexit UKIP and Nigel Farage and Boris Johnson pushed for it though it isn't clear that they all wanted it to win Tories are in disarray England is learning the wrong lessons from its history as they can't be passively disengaged toward the continent Labour ignore anti immigrant feelings by their rank and file as racist Corbyn is an old leftist with no new ideas and tolerance of problems from Russia Fringe ideasparties are on the rise as the old ones do nothing They are looking towards China than Europe which to me sounds like a reasonable plan actually and might lose ScotlandGreece is the next topic He looks at its breakdown and argues that they need to reform their system They want a big welfare state but still also want to have lots of tax evasion They need to embrace modernization Kirchick says but it's not fully clear what he means by it Frankly it sounds like he means austerity and gutting their welfare state But this is the heart of the problem I have with this book Greece and others have done that and it just has caused hardship with littleno rewards Really throughout this book Kirchick turns a blind eye to economic problems caused by current policies supported by dominant political groups Those are never singled out as problems in this book Instead its Russian disinformation and immigrants and nationalism causing all those things But why are those things so problematic for Europe now? Really it doesn't sound like Kirchick has any solutions to Europe's current problems in part because he doesn't get to a key root of the problems Kirchick does note how Greece's Syriza party has been congratulated by Jobbik and the UKIP which may seem odd because it's on the far left and they're on the far right But it makes sense since they're all anti status uoFinally a chapter on the Ukraine Putin sees everything going on there as stuff the West is causing He looks to upheavel in Kyrzstan in 2010 and sees the west doing the same in the Ukraine in 2014 That there are actual Urkanians involved is nothing to him they're western stooges Russia once the world's leader in revolution is now the world's leader in counter revolution That said a successful democratic Ukraine IS a threat to Russia So he takes Crimea and supports separatist militias there Its a lot cynical and nihilist than the Cold War when Russia had an overall goal it was fighting for However Putin has a receptive audience in the West from Jobbik to UKIP to Trump Ukraine is about than just the Ukraine It's a challenge to the west and a failure there would be a failure to traditional western liberalism in Europe Vaclev Havel died and his death could be symbolic for the end of an era; an era when European leaders sought to integrate and work together Now its an era of short sighted populists and nationalists But Europe's biggest problems can only be solved by connections


  8. Kevin Warman Kevin Warman says:

    First book of the year I'd honestly like to say I enjoyed this book than I actually did Did I learn a lot perhaps Was it elegantly written? One could argue yes However a number of his points seemed afloat in emotions than grounded in factSomething that also did not settle well with me was the uestions about the supposed liberal defense of Islam red green alliance? As an openly gay man I'll admit I have asked why might the liberal left join the in the defense of others who do not necessarily share my thoughts on LGBT freedoms? And to that I would say since we know what it feels like to be discriminated against we should stand up to prevent others from experiencing that when we can In so doing maybe we can change thier minds


  9. Peter (Pete) Mcloughlin Peter (Pete) Mcloughlin says:

    Very dire outlook on the future security of Europe and the future of the EU and the Transatlantic Alliance With the wave of refugees in 2015 Brexit rising nationalism a resurgent far right Russian designs at resetting the map of Europe and the disintegrating EU and Transatlantic Alliance Things look bad all across the west This is a period where we have lost our moorings and the future is up in the air Not pleasant to read but necessary


  10. Florian Bieber Florian Bieber says:

    It makes some good points but is to simplistic in its view not trying to understand the rise of dictators in a nuanced manner It also is extremely critical of the rise of authoritarianism and populism in Europe but not reflecting on similar dynamics back in the US thus ignoring the wider picture


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The End of Europe: Dictators, Demagogues, and the Coming Dark Age ✅ [PDF / Epub] ☉ The End of Europe: Dictators, Demagogues, and the Coming Dark Age By James Kirchick ⚣ – Natus-physiotherapy.co.uk Is dit de toekomst van Europa Europa in 2026 President Poetin houdt een militaire parade ter ere van de annexatie van Estland; militair ingrijpen door de NAVO wordt geblokkeerd door Duitsland waar de Is dit de toekomst van Europa Europa in of Europe: ePUB ☆ President Poetin houdt een militaire parade ter ere van de annexatie van Estland; militair ingrijpen door de NAVO wordt geblokkeerd door Duitsland waar de SPD een regering vormt met de Groenen en de Communisten na de historische nederlaag van de CDU; de Franse president Marine Le Pen was al uit het samenwerkingsverband gestapt in ; nadat Groot Brittannië zich terugtrok uit de EU volgden andere eurosceptische regeringen in Europa haar voorbeeld Europa The End Kindle - is niet meerJames Kirchick geeft in Het einde van Europa zijn toekomstvisie voor Europa aan de hand van de negen grote problemen die op dit moment op het continent spelen zoals politiek populisme Russische druk openlijke confrontatie met de islamitische gemeenschap anti Europese krachten Kirchick geeft aan welke uitdagingen serieuze bedreigingen vormen voor de Europese Droom en wat de rol van Rusland is in het geheelJames Kirchick is correspondent voor The Daily Beast en Newsweek Zijn stukken verschenen onder meer in The End of Europe: eBook ✓ Wall Street Journal Foreign Policy Der Spiegel en The Guardian Hij is verbonden aan het Foreign Policy Initiative in Washington DC.

  • Kindle Edition
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  • The End of Europe: Dictators, Demagogues, and the Coming Dark Age
  • James Kirchick
  • 07 February 2015