De PrincipatibusIl Principe Kindle · De

De PrincipatibusIl Principe ❰Reading❯ ➶ De PrincipatibusIl Principe Author Niccolò Machiavelli – Natus-physiotherapy.co.uk Machiavelli needs to be looked at as he really was Hence Can Machiavelli who makes the following observations be Machiavellian as we understand the disparaging term 1 So it is that to know the nature Machiavelli needs to be looked at as he really was Hence Can Machiavelli who makes the following observations be Machiavellian as we understand the disparaging term So it is that to know the nature of a people one need be a Prince; to know the nature of a Prince one need to be of the people If a Prince is not given to vices that make him hated it is unsusal for his subjects to show their affection for him De PrincipatibusIl MOBI :Ê Opportunity made Moses Cyrus Romulus Theseus and others; their virtue domi nated the opportunity making their homelands noble and happy Armed prophets win; the disarmed lose Without faith and religion man achieves power but not glory Prominent citizens want to command and oppress; the populace only wants to be free of oppression A Prince needs a friendly populace; otherwise in diversity there is no hope A Prince who rules as a man of valor avoids disasters Nations based on mercenary forces will never be solid or secure Mercenaries are dangerous because of their cowardice There are two ways to fight one with laws the other with force The first is rightly man’s way; the second the way of beasts.


About the Author: Niccolò Machiavelli

Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli was an Italian political philosopher musician poet and playwright He is a figure of the Italian Renaissance and a central figure of its political component most widely known for his treatises on realist political theory The Prince on the one hand and republicanism Discourses on Livy on the other.



10 thoughts on “De PrincipatibusIl Principe

  1. Stephen Stephen says:

    That single statement boys and girls is the crux at the heart of the matter resting at the bottom line of Niccolo Machiavelli’s world changing classic on the defining use of realpolitik in governance and foreign policy Despite popular perception Machiavelli whose name has often been used as a synonym for political ASSHATery was not arguing that it’s better to be immoral cruel and evil than to be moral just and good Rather Machiavelli was demonstrating through reasoned analysis based on numerous historical examples that the most effective way to govern a population is through decision making based on the current situation without muddying up the waters with considerations of morality Holy snickerdoodles that's amoral Uhyes by definition it is However Machiavelli in his famous use of end justifying means supports the rightness of his position by citing numerous examples of “princes” who in acting all just and proper like” in relation to their neighbors and subjects led their people right into the waiting arms of bondage and slaughter at the hands of those who were less vituous in their thinking Should such murdered and subjugated populations thank the princes for their unwaivering morality? Machiavelli says HELLS NO He argues that the Prince’s #1 priority is to safeguard his holdings and maintain stability within his borders Allowing other considerations to affect such judgements will only provide an advantage to third parties who will exploit it In the end Machiavelli argues fewer lives will be lost and less suffering incurred by the Prince who can govern EFFECTIVELY Not necessarily warm and fuzzy Sesame Street thinking but there is some serious power to the reasoning I wish we lived in a world in which that was not the case I wish Machiavelli’s insights were not needed and that we lived in a world where loftier morals could carry the day However until we do Machiavelli’s words provide much ringing truth and thought food PLOT SYNOPSIS I don’t want to sound like a book report so let me just summarize briefly how the book is laid outMachiavelli wrote The Prince for Lorenzo de Medici whose family ruled Florence at the time as basically a job application He wanted to get in good with the de Medici family secure a place at their court The book while jumping around a bit can be divided into 3 or 4 sections the last really being a summarizing “call to arms” to the Italian people that they need a wise prince to lead them back to the greatness of the Roman Empire Discounting the rah rah speech at the end the other 3 sections deal with 1 the kinds of principalities and how they are acuired; 2 the proper organization of the military and the best kind of solider to comprise it; and 3 the internal make up of a princes court ie associates and subordinates Section 1 is interesting and fun to read but basically worthless for anything other than historical perspective Machiavelli discusses territories won be conuest inheritance or luck and talks about the various characteristics of each While not exactly awe inspiring in its perception the narrative itself is interesting and Machiavelli’s “voice” is engaging Section 2 can be summarized as follows Mercenaries well and truly SUCK and should not be used under any circumstances because their suckage will end up suandering your resources and giving suat in return Therefore the wise Prince keeps a standing army sufficient to protect the country’s interests Section 3 is the real meat of the work and contains the bulk of the advice that garnered Niccolo his much deserved reputation for suggesting the propriety of abandoning morality in governance He speaks of the need of the Prince to be able to deceive and act against the five virtues of the righteous man when necessary for the betterment of his state and his people Therefore it is unnecessary for a prince to have all the good ualities I have enumerated but it is very necessary to appear to have them And I shall dare to say this also that to have them and always to observe them is injurious and that to appear to have them is useful; to appear merciful faithful humane religious upright and to be so but with a mind so framed that should you reuire not to be so you may be able and know how to change to the oppositeThe promise given was a necessity of the past the word broken is a necessity of the present Machiavelli discusses numerous examples of sovereigns who either benefitted from following such advice or conversely who suffered calamity for adhering to a sense of virtue THOUGHTS Ground breaking and brilliantly insightful especially for its time So much of what Machiavelli says is now an ingrained part of political thinking that it comes across as DUH when you read it However it was Niccolo who first put forth these concepts that have become the dogma and foundation of modern political thought He put the “real” in realpolitk I don’t think the contribution he made to political theory can be overstated It was The Prince that called out the distinction between what men “say” and what they “do” He did not invent political immorality but he did recognize it as an effective and at time crucial aspect of rule Something the famous rulers of history have always knownand practiced In addition I was surprised at how much fun the book was to read Machiavelli includes dozens and dozens of brief vignettes about world history in supporting his ideas and does a great job keeping the reader engaged with colorful descriptions of past events The book is also chalk full of wonderful uotes that just jumped out at me as I was reading Here are a few that I thought were intriguing The new ruler must determine all the injuries that he will need to inflict He must inflict them once and for allPeople should either be caressed or crushed If you do them minor damage they will get their revenge; but if you cripple them there is nothing they can do If you need to injure someone do it in such a way that you do not have to fear their vengeance” In addition to post revolutionary purges and new government administrations the above has also become a truism for business and is why corporations do “massive layoffs” rather than a series of smaller scale terminations Gee thanks Niccolo “My view is that it is desirable to be both loved and feared; but it is difficult to achieve both and if one of them has to be lacking it is much safer to be feared than loved” Ahjust like the Godfather Ohand lest the above not make it clear for all his amazing contributions to world history we should not lose sight of the fact that Machiavelli for all his astuteness was a bit of an asshole While his work is engaging and wonderful reading and I give him full marks for “calling it like it is” he is still not the kind of guy you want educating your children or providing life lessons I admire his work but the man comes across as uite a scummy conniving doucheYou know like a modern politician 50 Stars HIGHEST POSSIBLE RECOMMENDATION


  2. Florencia Florencia says:

    This is no Little Prince that's for sure You must kill the fox burn the rose murder the businessman if any of them tries to take control over your princedom There's no time to be nice There's only time to seem to be nice At the end of the day it is better to be feared than loved if you can't be both Nevertheless keep in mind chapter 23 The Prince was written in the 16th century and a couple of its ideas are too contemporary It is a major treatise that influenced several political leaders throughout history Machiavelli is widely regarded as the father of modern politics by taking away any trace of theology and morality from his works That is something no one has ever said before I should have read it long ago but everything has its time I supposeSo there are a lot of concepts that should just stay in the book and a few which you may apply to everyday circumstances It delivers what you are waiting for if you want to know how to have and keep power to yourself no matter the head you are crushing and all that using a fairly straightforward language It is a short book and easy to understand even though the notion of achieving glory power and survival regardless of how immoral you have to be it is not difficult to comprehend; that we getCruelty wickedness immorality; all those things apparently needed to achieve greatness all of them printed long ago in the form of a little book just like that From a twisted point of view sometimes it is almost a bit funnyIt was an excellent readThere is no other way to guard yourself against flattery than by making men understand that telling you the truth will not offend you 137Lovely Also on my blog


  3. Alex Alex says:

    I'm weirdly pleased that The Prince lives up to its reputation it is indeed Machiavellian Here's his advice on conuering self governing states ie democracies The only way to hold on to such a state is to reduce it to rubble Well thenI'd like to say that any guy whose last name becomes a synonym for evil is a badass but Machiavelli wasn't; he was a failed minor diplomat who wrote this in a failed attempt to get reemployed Stupid attempt too; anyone who hired him would be advertising that he espoused Machiavellian values This book was published after all And as he himself advises A leader doesn't have to possess virtuous ualities but it's imperative that he seem to possess themSo I'll go with this anyone whose last name becomes a synonym for evil has written a good bookI hope to match that effect with my first novel Working title Unicorns are PrettySo if Machiavelli was such a loser how did his book get so famous? It's not because it's great advice; it sortof isn't I think it's because it's just a ton of fun to read It's chock full of over the top uotes like the ones above It's really funnyWhich brings up a recurring topic for debate did he intend for this to be taken seriously or is it satire? I think it's the former mixed in with the zany stuff is a fair amount of common sense advice He could certainly have included that to make the zany stuff pop or to camouflage it a bit but I prefer to think he meant the whole thing seriously And it's not like any of it is advice someone hasn't followed at some point See my first uote above yeah we've tried thatTranslation review this is the very latest translation Parks has gone to great trouble to reduce the crazy complexity of Machiavelli's sentences I know this from reading his excellent Translator's Note and I appreciate that He's also tried hard to make it accessible to modern audiences and sometimes I think he's tipped a tiny bit overboard on that front When a ruler occupies a land that has a different languagethen things get rough Difficult would have been perfectly clear; rough is too collouial We want to be able to read our classics but we don't need to pretend they were written yesterday That's a relatively minor complaint though; this is a clear and easy translation Good intro too And a glossary of proper names at the back so you can sort out the various contemporary figures you don't recognizeI'll close with my favorite uote It's better to be impulsive than cautious; fortune is female and if you want to stay on top of her you have to slap and thrust Machiavelli kindof a dick


  4. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Il Principe The Prince Niccolò MachiavelliThe Prince is a 16th century political treatise by the Italian diplomat and political theorist Niccolò Machiavelli Machiavelli said that The Prince would be about princedoms mentioning that he has written about republics elsewhere but in fact he mixes discussion of republics into this in many places effectively treating republics as a type of princedom also and one with many strengths More importantly and less traditionally he distinguishes new princedoms from hereditary established princedoms He deals with hereditary princedoms uickly in Chapter 2 saying that they are much easier to rule For such a prince unless extraordinary vices cause him to be hated it is reasonable to expect that his subjects will be naturally well disposed towards him انتشاراتیها اقبال؛ جامی، پژواک؛ روزگار نو؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش اول سپتامبر سال 1995 میلادی؛ تاریخ دومین خوانش روز هشتم سپتامبر سال 1995 میلادیعنوان شهریار؛ نویسنده نیکولو ماکیاوللی؛ مترجم داریوش آشوری؛ موضوع علوم سیاسی، اخلاق و سیاست از نویسندگان ایتالیایی در سده 16 معنوان شهریار؛ نویسنده نیکولو ماکیاوللی؛ مترجم محمود محمود، تهران، اقبال، 1311، در 130 ص؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، اقبال، 1357، در 140 صعنوان شهریار؛ نویسنده نیکولو ماکیاوللی؛ مترجم داریوش آشوری، تهران، اقبال، 1366، در 135 صعنوان شهریار؛ نویسنده نیکولو ماکیاوللی؛ مترجم مرتضی ثابتفر، تهران، جامی، 1387، در 191 صعنوان شهریار؛ نویسنده نیکولو ماکیاوللی؛ مترجم احمدرضا زرکش کاشانی، تهران، پژواک، 1392، در 190 صعنوان شهریار؛ نویسنده نیکولو ماکیاوللی؛ مترجم نسرین مجیدی، تهران، روزگارنو، 1392، در 96 صفهرت شامل دیباچه؛ زندگی و روزگارش؛ جایگاه در اندیشه سیاسی؛ شهریار؛ نامه ای از «نیکولو ماکیاوللی» به پیشگاه «لورنتسو دی پی یرو د مدیچی»؛ فصل یکم پادشاهیها بر چند گونه اند و شیوه های فراچنگ آوردنشان؛ فصل دوم در باب پادشاهیهای موروثی؛ فصل سوم در باب پادشاهیهائی که از پیوستن چند قلمرو به یکدیگر پدید میآیند؛ فصل چهارم چرا در پادشاهی داریوش که به دست اسکندر افتاد پس از مرگ اسکندر مردم بر جانشینان وی نشوریدند؛ فصل پنجم در باب شیوه ی حکومت بر شهرها یا امیرنشینهائی که پیش از آن با قوانین خود میزیسته اند؛ فصل ششم در باب کشورهائی که به نیروی بازوی خود میگیرند؛ فصل هفتم در باب پادشاهیهائی که به زور بازوی دیگران گرفته اند یا به یاری بخت و؛ فصل بیست و ششم فراخوانشی به رهانیدن ایتالیا از چنگال بربران نام نامهنقل از متن کتاب شهریار میباید از دو چیز در دل هراسان باشد، از «درون و رعایای خویش» و دیگری از «بیرون و از قدرتهای خارجی» فصل نوزده پایان نقل نخست کتاب «شهریار»، از اهمیت والایی برای اندیشه ورزان سیاسی، و سیاست پیشگان برخوردار است، ولی خواندنش را به همگان پیشنهاد میکنم نثر کتاب نیز از آثار برجسته است بهترین گزیده از متن کتاب «باید بدانید که برای ستیزیدن با دیگران، دو راه در پیش است یکی با قانون، دیگری با زور؛ روش نخستین در خور انسان است و دومین روش ددان، و از آنجا که روش نخستین چه بسا کارآمد نیست، ناگزیر به دومین، روی می‌باید آورد؛ از این رو بر شهریار است، كه بداند چگونه روش ددان و انسان را نیک به کار بندد»؛ پایان نقل دوم ا شربیانی


  5. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Il Principe The Prince Niccolò MachiavelliThe Prince is a 16th century political treatise by the Italian diplomat and political theorist Niccolò Machiavelli From correspondence a version appears to have been distributed in 1513 However the printed version was not published until 1532 five years after Machiavelli's death Machiavelli says that The Prince would be about princedoms mentioning that he has written about republics elsewhere a reference to the Discourses on Livy but in fact he mixes discussion of republics into this work in many places effectively treating republics as a type of princedom also and one with many strengths More importantly and less traditionally he distinguishes new princedoms from hereditary established princedomsCharacters Theseus Alexander the Great Louis XII Cesare Borgia Francesco Sforza Niccolò Machiavelli Pope Alexander VIتاریخ نخستین خوانش ماه سپتامبر سال 1995 میلادی عنوان شهریار؛ نویسنده نیکولو ماکیاوللی؛ مترجم داریوش آشوری؛ موضوع علوم سیاسی، اخلاق و سیاست از نویسندگان ایتالیایی در سده 16 مترجمه های دیگر از همین عنوانمترجم محمود محمود، تهران، اقبال، 1311، در 130 ص؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، اقبال، 1357، در 140 صمترجم داریوش آشوری، تهران، اقبال، 1366، در 135 صمترجم مرتضی ثابتفر، تهران، جامی، 1387، در 191 صمترجم احمدرضا زرکش کاشانی، تهران، پژواک، 1392، در 190 صمترجم نسرین مجیدی، تهران، روزگارنو، 1392، در 96 صفهرت شامل دیباچه؛ زندگی و روزگارش؛ جایگاه در اندیشه سیاسی؛ شهریار؛ نامه ای از «نیکولو ماکیاوللی»، به پیشگاه «لورنتسو دی پی یرو د مدیچی»؛ فصل یکم پادشاهیها بر چند گونه اند، و شیوه های فراچنگ آوردنشان؛ فصل دوم در باب پادشاهیهای موروثی؛ فصل سوم در باب پادشاهیهائی که از پیوستن چند قلمرو به یکدیگر، پدید میآیند؛ فصل چهارم چرا در پادشاهی داریوش، که به دست اسکندر افتاد، پس از مرگ اسکندر، مردم بر جانشینان وی نشوریدند؛ فصل پنجم در باب شیوه ی حکومت بر شهرها، یا امیرنشینهائی که پیش از آن، با قوانین خود میزیسته اند؛ فصل ششم در باب کشورهائی که به نیروی بازوی خود، میگیرند؛ فصل هفتم در باب پادشاهیهائی که به زور بازوی دیگران، گرفته اند یا به یاری بخت و؛ فصل بیست و ششم فراخوانشی به رهانیدن ایتالیا از چنگال بربران نام نامهنقل از متن کتاب «شهریار میباید از دو چیز در دل هراسان باشد، نخست از «درون و رعایای خویش»، و دیگری از «بیرون و از قدرتهای خارجی» فصل نوزدهم» پایان نقل نخست کتاب «شهریار»، از اهمیت والایی، برای اندیشه ورزان سیاسی، و سیاست پیشگان برخوردار است، ولی خواندنش را، به همگان پیشنهاد میکنم نثر کتاب نیز از آثار برجسته است بهترین گزیده از متن کتاب «باید بدانید که برای ستیزیدن با دیگران، دو راه در پیش است یکی با قانون، دیگری با زور؛ روش نخستین، در خور انسان است، و دومین روش ددان، و از آنجا که روش نخستین چه بسا کارآمد نیست، ناگزیر به دومین، روی می‌باید آورد؛ از اینرو بر شهریار است، كه بداند چگونه روش ددان و انسان را نیک به کار بندد» پایان نقل دوم ا شربیانی


  6. Henry Avila Henry Avila says:

    Italy in the early 1500's was a sad dispirited land of constant wars deaths destruction political betrayals schemes of conuest by greedy aristocrats trying to enlarge their petty Italian states invasion by ruthless foreign troops from France Spain the Swiss rulers being overthrown and killed armies continuously marching towns sacked fires blazing black smoke poring into the sky mercenary soldiers slaughtering the innocent pestilence spreading only the wise the strong and the lucky could abideNiccolo Machiavelli during the Renaissance was a successful politician and astute diplomat from volatile Florence until losing power and influence thereexiled living seven miles from his native city bored he had plenty of time to think write letters to friends the nobles and books and knowing how treacherous men are His most famous book The Prince based on the cunning Cesar Borgia the illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI no silly words about the nobility of rulers a brief history the recent bloodbaths cities and men making bad decisions philosophical discussions how a Prince can remain in charge at whatever cost should act for the good of the people but the real facts Men are wretched creatures It is better to be feared than lovedNever attempt to win by force what can be won by deception stated the experienced Machiavelli he knew the hearts of the Princes Having seen Cesar Borgia and talked at length with him became an admirer well aware of all his evil the butchering and deceit it can be forgiven in these times this man could bring peace to his native country by conuest chase out the foul foreign soldiers unite Italy again make her a mighty force But dreams are only dreams somethings are not uite possibleMen are simple yet events can't be predictedThe Prince still widely read and uite important book on the ways of the world told by a man who was involved during that turbulent eraWhile Cesar Borgia The Prince is greatly sanitized into a better person than he really was this writer wanted to give the Italian reader hope for a better prosperous futurein a land that he loved the suffering and chaos must end 500 years after this brilliant but controversial little book was published aspects of its contents will be recognized by modern audiences a new adjective made Machiavellian to deceive people by clever methods to gain power nations rise and fall the maps change but men's avarice do not


  7. Sidharth Vardhan Sidharth Vardhan says:

    I don't know how come I never reviewed this one but recently I was visiting this friend of mine in south India Pramod yes the one from Goodreads when he showed me this not so popular smaller piece allegedly written by the author in his last days 'Le Gente' and never published for common people about how they can succeed in social life using diplomacy There were only twenty copies of same written in 19th century of which Pramod's was one Since he is a sort of book worshipper he won't let me touch it Needless to say I stole it before starting on my return journeyIf he finds about this review he might unfriend me and sue me for theft so this review won't be here too long Anyway in case of a legal action I can always take shelter in points 14 16 and 17 belowEver since my return I have been made to understand that critics believe these copies to be forgeries none of these copies completely agree amongst themselves Moreover the writing style and some of the words used suggest a later day authorship That being said I think mine or Pramod's made some good points although they weren't all so original It will seem them that past and present owners of these copies have been uoting them without mentioning their sourceSince document is medieval and vague I have been able to translate it only partially Google translator helps only so much Here are a few tips I found I will add whenever I’m able to decipher the rest of it1 Honesty might win you friends but not the powerful ones The later will be your enemies2 If you delay it to the last moment and pretend to be anxious one of your friends will come in and want to help you finish the project Best way to half your workload3 Tell them an obvious lie to begin with This will make them think that you are a bad lier and they will be inclined to believe in your cleverly told lies4 If you hate doing something do it wrong the first time they won't ask you to do it again5 Honesty is a terrible policy that is unless you put it on auction orCharacter doesn't buy food not unless you get a good price for it6 Always pretend to be extremely religious It creates a halo effect and makes people invest in you virtues you don't have Also if you are lucky call it ‘Karma’ If you are unlucky call it ‘God’s mysterious ways’ Always say 'God willing' whenever you make a promise the best way to shrug off responsibility if you don't want to honor your promise 7 A clever person always appreciates polite friends They will let you walk all over them and take credit for their hard work Nothing like them8 Never be on time Let them wait for you Teaches them bow to value you9 Lying shows lack of art The cleverness lies in telling people the selective truth Still if you have to lie do Scientists say there are alternative worlds in which almost everything is the truth So technically you can’t tell a lie And you can’t be accused if people just assume that you are speaking only of this world10 Any show of your real sentiments is a weakness The ability to show the sentiments that people want to see even if you don’t have them on the other hand is a strength11 Never ever let the underdogs fool you into kindness12 Always have someone handy to blame your failure upon13 Be uiet and they will think of you as very wise Be too talkative and they will think of you as fools A clever disguise both ways14 If they can’t prove it you can’t be wrong 15 If you say it repeatedly and are loud enough it will become a truth16 The only crime is being caught Criminals have got away with almost everything when they weren’t caught So make sure you are never get caught at anything A clever person reads a law saying ‘Theft is punishable by law’ as ‘Being caught and proved a thief is punishable by law’17 At the end of the day most advocates belong to Devil And if you happen to come across a righteous one Devil also happens to have most of the judges However looking for a legal loophole before you leap is still beneficial economically18 If you owe a bank five thousand dollars the bank owns you If you owe a bank five million dollars you own the bank19 Gangsters and soldiers are boys Managers Lawyers priests and politicians are women20 Nothing helps in creating money like an unhealthy conscience21 There are four kinds of people the order is such that ones lower in the order have a better chance at being successful; those who are good and are seen by others as good those who are good but are seen by others as wicked those who are and are seen by others as wicked those who are wicked but are seen by others as good thank you erroneously written in original Italian as 'lo borgeso' instead of 'lo biasimo'


  8. Paul Paul says:

    In this book Machiavelli makes his purpose clear how to get power and keep it No happiness No warm and fuzzy pats on the back Definitely no hugs No words of encouragement Definitely nothing about being nice Being nice in politics in war in struggles for power often ends with one person winning and the other person being in prison disgraced exiled or dead That was the context in which Machiavelli wrote this book Italy at the time was a collection of warring states not united One power would seize control and then it would be lost when that ruler died or worse made a horrible mistake Machiavelli did the best thing he could he took a step back observed took notes and then presented his findings to the person he felt had the most promise at the time I love reading reviews about how the books is so this and that so diabolical and evil and mean and yet how so many people divorce it from the context it was written in as if it was created in a vacuum Remember people in his time if you were a leader you had some seriously scary decisions to make and there was no room for emotion for warmth nor for sentimentality Sure it might sound like a really screwed up and horrible way to live and think but when you are a leader of a nation beset on all sides by those who would like nothing than to invade your country raze it and then subject your people to being occupied or worse you do what you need to do in order to survive When you are fighting for survival all ends do justify the means because the goal is survival Period Machiavelli understood this and the product was this book There is a damn good reason why so many people started calling him the devil Why the book was put on the Catholic Index of banned books The book makes no promises about being nice or this or that It delivers on what it promises how a person can gain and acuire power and keep it and the sometimes ruthless actions necessary to maintain it and protect one's own self


  9. Petra-X Petra-X says:

    How to run things and hopefully remain popular but not give a monkey's if they hate you How to instil enough fear in people that they at least show respect to your facePlenty of good lessons here for a politician but adaptable by anyone if you don't mind being thought evil by your nearest and dearest And I don't


  10. Jennifer (JC-S) Jennifer (JC-S) says:

    A young colleague of mine recently said ‘management is easy’ I smiled enigmatically and considered buying him a copy of ‘The Prince’ but I fear it would be wasted I am now on my third copy of this book which alas I can only read in English The George Bull translation as reprinted in 1995 is the version I currently refer toI first read this book when studying economic history at high school in the second half of the last century I was intrigued by Machiavelli’s advice even though I had little understanding of the Florentine Republic I next read the book when looking generally at political models and at Renaissance history Since then I’ve always had a copy it is as relevant to understanding the art and practice of management as it is to a broader understanding of the models and processes of governance It also provides some valuable contextual setting for those interested in the MediciSo why is ‘The Prince’ still relevant? What can we learn from a treatise that was dedicated to Lorenzo de Medici 1492 1519 but not published until 1532 some five years after Machiavelli himself was dead? Specific settings and circumstances may change general human psychology and motivation does not There is politics involved in all management The chasm between management theory and practice is occupied by politics in all senses and complicated by the affairs aspirations and expedient alliances of peopleJennifer Cameron Smith


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