Οἰδίπους Τύραννος PDF/EPUB Ê

Οἰδίπους Τύραννος ✅ [PDF / Epub] ☉ Οἰδίπους Τύραννος By Sophocles ⚣ – Natus-physiotherapy.co.uk what man wins happiness than just its shape and the ruin when that shape collapsesSophocles' Oedipus Rex has never been surpassed for the raw and terrible power with which its hero struggles to answer what man wins happiness than just its shape and the ruin when that shape collapsesSophocles' Oedipus Rex has never been surpassed for the raw and terrible power with which its hero struggles to answer the eternal uestion Who am I The play a story of a king who acting entirely in ignorance kills his father and marries his mother unfolds with shattering power; we are helplessly carried along with Oedipus towards the final horrific truth To make Oedipus accessible for the modern reader our Prestwick House Literary Touchstone Classics includes a glossary of the difficult words as well as convenient sidebar notes to enlighten the reader on aspects that may be confusing or overlooked We hope that the reader may through this edition fully enjoy the beauty of the verse the wisdom of the insights and the impact of the drama.


About the Author: Sophocles

Σοφοκλής; German editions.



10 thoughts on “Οἰδίπους Τύραννος

  1. Lizzy Lizzy says:

    What can I say about Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex that has not already been said? Apart from the patricide and the infamous incest this is an ancient tale of angst and overall calamity But since I recently revisited it this legendary tragedy hasn’t left my mind Look and learn all citizens of Thebes This is OedipusHe who read the famous riddle and we hailed chief of menAll envied his power glory and good fortuneNow upon his head the sea of disaster crashes down” I felt after reading the play that there was not really anything that Oedipus could have done to get himself out of his destiny In fact it seems that the he attempts to get out of it the deeper he is immersed in its inevitability It is simply that there was no way for him to avoid doing it all and facing his fate After hearing of the prophecy he flees because he doesn't want it to come true but there is a lot that he does not know and a lot that he is not being told His parents when told by the oracles decided to sacrifice him But he was saved by the compassionate nature of humanity Later on his step parents also leave him in ignorance and in hiding the truth they are also making the prophecy come true The theme as I see it therefore is of fate versus freewill However there really does not seem to be any freewill here Every decision that Oedipus makes only brings the revelation closer to being fulfilledBut to fully understand Sophocles work you have to know that for the ancient Greeks the word tragedy didn't mean “a lamentable dreadful or fatal event or affair; calamity; disaster” For them the idea of such a play that had a certain and defined theme and structure is about a person that because of a single tragic flaw becomes the victim of the gods The specific purpose was called catharsis the audience watching the play should gain an emotional release that made your own trivial issues fade into insignificance According to Aristotle’s Poetics “the complexity of the plot is established through reversal recognition and suffering” The tragedy is created in part by the complexity of its plot which leads towards the catharsis The Chorus is crucial; its speeches are revealing It is the cautious voice of collective wisdom And from the very beginning of the play the Chorus revealed the omen of disaster This can all be summed up in the following lines O god All come true all busting to lightO light now let me look my last on youI stand revealed at last ” Oedipus is a passionate man who asks uestions and takes risks Despite his flaws and his sins Oedipus is good and always seeks the truth no matter how devastating In the end he accepts the responsibility for his actions his fate and punishment Does he have free will or the ability to choose his own path or is everything in his life been predetermined? Indeed despite the prophecy it can never be denied that Oedipus and his parents had made the choices not the oracle or the Gods Is the very idea of carving out your eyes after discovering your wife is your mother in this incredibly packed tragedy that alleviates so much the enormous pain that seems so causeless? Is the existential angst finally satisfies by the human need to identify the guilty that alleviates our human sensation of utter senseless and chaotic misery? This is what torments us being humans we have free will but we can never control everything Oedipus’s specific life events aren’t exactly relatable to any of us but the sensations are not less pertinent Aren’t we used to impending unconuerable doom? I ask myself could ignorance lead us through hell? Oedipus Rex doesn’t make us only uestion the role of the gods or whatever may decide our fate nowadays politicians the economy the news and even our own expectations but above all the argument of fate and destiny and whether we are able to live without external powers deciding our chances It also makes us uestion who we are; whether our personalities or other personal characteristics are a kind of destiny in itself Where's our human freedom? More important do you feel a prevailing sense of inevitability no matter what you do? Why are we always being judged by ourselves and by the world? If we try to transpose the play to today many uestions are still left with no definite answers For certain we can choose what we want to become The curse is that our capacities are finite; we are not gods What happened to Oedipus was the torture of being human can we escape this curse? Oedipus Rex is a literary masterpiece Highly recommended


  2. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Οἰδίπους Τύραννος Oedipus Tyrannus Oedipus Oedipus Rex Oedipus the King The Theban Plays #1 Sophocles Oedipus the King is an Athenian tragedy by Sophoclesو that was first performed around 429 BC Oedipus sent his brother in law Creon to ask advice of the oracle at Delphi concerning a plague ravaging Thebes Creon returns to report that the plague is the result of religious pollution since the murderer of their former King Laius had never been caught Oedipus vows to find the murderer and curses him for causing the plague عنوانها ادیپ شهریار؛ ادیبوس شاه؛ ادیبوس شهریار؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش بیست و ششم ماه آگوست سال 1974 میلادیعنوان ادیپ شهریار؛ نویسنده سوفوکلس؛ مترجم شاهرخ مسکوب؛ در 96 ص؛ چاپ دوم با عنوان ادیب در کلنوس؛ در 212 ص؛ موضوع نمایشنامه های نویسندگان یونانی قرن پنجم پیش از میلادعنوان ادیپ شهریار؛ نویسنده سوفوکل؛ مترجم فاطمه عربی؛ استهبان، 1387؛ در 72 ص؛ شابک 9786005209006؛عنوان ادیبوس شاه؛ مترجم ساسان قاسمی؛ تهران، جعفری، 1387؛ در 132 ص؛ شابک 9789646088733؛ عنوان ادیبوس شهریار؛ مترجم تهران، پژواک کیوان؛ 1389؛ در 144 ص؛ شابک 9789648727890؛قسمتی از نمایشنامههمسرایان می‌خواهیم حقیقت هیاهویی را که تا به امروز بر سر زبانهاست بدانیمادیپوس وای بر منهمسرایان آرام باش تمنا می‌کنمادیپوس بسیار ناهنجار است باری می‌گویم من نارواترین بیداد را بر خود هموار کردم من ستمی ناسزاوار بر خود هموار کردم خدا می‌داند که اختیاری در کار نبودهمسرایان در چه کاری؟ادیپوس در ازدواجی ننگین به خاطر شرم، نادانسته به زناشویی رسوایی دست زدمهمسرایان می‌گویند مادرت در این پیوند ننگین همسر تو بودادیپوس بیاد آوردن آن در حکم مرگ من است تازه این دو نیزآنتیگنه و ایسمنه از آن منندهمسرایان نهادیپوس فرزندان نفرین شدههمسرایان آه، خدایاادیپوس و میوه‌های بطن همان مادرهمسرایان دختران تو وادیپوس خواهرانم آه خواهران پدر خودهمسرایان آیا پدرت راادیپوس باز هم رنجی دیگر و شکنجه‌ای تازه؟همسرایان تو او را کشتی؟ادیپوس آری اما به حقهمسرایان به حق؟ادیپوس آری ناشناخته، در راه کسی را کشتم که می‌خواست مرا بکشدداستان نمایشنامهتقدیر چنین مقرر کرده‌ که «ادیپ» شهریار، پدر خود را بکشد، و با مادر خویش همبستر شود فرمانی ست ظالمانه و دوزخی این حکم را پدر و مادر ادیب دریافته‌ اند، و برای گریختن از آن، «ادیپ» کودک را به چوپانی می‌سپارند، تا جانش را بگیرد اما اگر ریختن خون طفلی، بر پدر و مادر او دشوار آید، بر چوپان ساده دلی نیز آسان نیست؛ چوپان لبخند معصومانه ی کودک را می‌بیند، و او را به چوپانی دیگر، از دیار «کرنت» می‌سپارد شبان دوم او را نزد شاه کشور خویش می‌برد، و کودک در دربار آن شاه بزرگ می‌شود «ادیب» در دوران جوانی به وسیله ی هاتفان، از سرنوشت خود آگاه می‌شود، و چون پدرخوانده، و مادرخوانده‌ اش را پدر و مادر حقیقی خود می‌پندارد، برای گریز از سرنوشت، از آن دیار می‌گریزد در راه به گردونه ی پیرمردی می‌رسد پس از گفتگویی کوتاه، پیرمرد را که پدر واقعی او بوده می‌کشد، و به سوی شهر «تب» می‌تازد بر دروازه ی آن شهر از دیرگاه ابوالهولی بوده، که از مردمان معمائی می‌پرسیده، و چون آنان در پاسخ درمی‌ماندند، طعمه ی مرگ می‌شدند «ادیب» معمای ابوالهول نماینده تقدیر را پاسخ درست می‌گوید، و ابوالهول بر خاک می‌افتد ساکنان شهر «تب» به پاس این گره‌گشائی، شهریاری دیار خود را به «ادیپ» می‌بخشند، و دست ملکه ی شهر مادرادیپ را، در دست او می‌گذارند پس از سالها فرمانروائی، مرگ، و طاعون بر آن شهر فرود می‌آید، و چون «ادیب» خود سبب آن فاجعه را از معبد کاهنان آپولو می‌پرسد، پاسخ می‌شنود که گناهکار باید از میانه برخیزد، گناهکاری که پدر خود را کشته و با مادرش هم‌بستر شده‌ است ادیپ در جستجوی گناهکار پلید، پس از ماجراهایی، سرانجام به خود می‌رسد، و چشمهای جهان بین خویش را برمی‌کند ا شربیانی


  3. Renato Magalhães Rocha Renato Magalhães Rocha says:

    Look and learn all citizens of Thebes This is OedipusHe who read the famous riddle and we hailed chief of menAll envied his power glory and good fortuneNow upon his head the sea of disaster crashes downMortality is man’s burden Keep your eyes fixed on your last dayCall no man happy until he reaches it and finds rest from suffering I believe that in one way or another everyone at least to some extent has heard of the story of Oedipus and Jocasta It's one of those tales that's been on our collective consciousness forever even though we may not even be able to assertively answer about its origins The same might be said for example of Odysseus and Don uixote they've been so used and re used adapted and re adapted throughout so many generations and in so many different formats that one might as well state they were simply born within us for they're public and common knowledge I for one believed Oedipus and Jocasta's tale came from the Bible As I was never a religious person and therefore never payed much attention to it and unfortunately never decently studied Greek mythology I used to unconsciously attribute to the Bible the origins of all stories which seemed to me as too ancient to properly date I'm terribly sorry and embarrassed about that Sophocles I stand corrected nowEvery time I read an ancient text I recurrently find myself to blame because of the same mistake being surprised by its uality despite being written so long ago It turns out and I agree with an analysis I've read somewhere that states that unlike science there is no progress no discovery in art An artist while he creates is not helped by the efforts of all the others like scientists are and depends upon his own individual truths The ancient art is in no way a primitive version of the art created by our contemporaries So it should not be astonishing to me that a text written thousands of years ago possesses the same ualities or refinement of awarded pieces that only now cracked their fifty years of age markPutting the story itself a little aside it's precisely this refinement this brilliance in the construction of the narrative that impressed me so much The pace the development of the action and disentanglement of this intricate plot was written so masterfully that it reuires little investigation in discovering the reasons why it became so influential to the subseuent generations Now I'm not knowledgeable enough to affirm that Sophocles himself wasn't influenced by other works that preceded him so I'm not claiming unprecedented originality to his name here but merely talent in using the most appropriate techniues to write so many wondrous predicates into this marvelous play The ability with which he created sustained and solved the various mysteries that surround this classical tragedy is very remarkable as well as a striking mixture of pity and horror that the themes developed here successfully imposes on the readerThemes such as fate free will interference in human life by the Gods for some that hasn't changed much has it? and its inflexible exploration of human nature and suffering are skillfully written in the form of intense dialogues and shocking revelations that could even prove too disturbing had not been Sophocles accurate treatment much like the reader likely pities Phedre's actions instead of automatically blaming her for her fate The ever so mesmerizing battle between destiny and logical conseuences also plays a big role here does fate completely control Oedipus's actions is it all predetermined? or is he simply a victim of his own doings even if unknowingly?Oedipus Rex also known as Oedipus the King and Oedipus Tyrannus tells the story of Oedipus a man that's respected and loved in Thebas where he is King after solving the riddle of the Sphinx and marrying Jocasta the widow of the previous king After a plague threatens his kingdom he is begged by a chorus of Thebans for help and Oedipus sends for an oracle in order to find some guidance As it turns out Tiresias the blind prophet believes the King is the only one to blame for his malady At first outraged and because of it incensed into proving his innocence he starts connecting the clues that he receives from various bits of information gathered by different sources view spoilerAs it turns out Oedipus after leaving his home in Corinth due to a prophecy which stated he would murder his father and sleep with his mother entered a fight with some men at a crossroads and ended up killing them before arriving in Thebes One of these men was Laius Jocasta’s husband and previous King In order to escape the prophecy Oedipus fell into it as he was Laius’s son who was sent away to be killed many years ago exactly because he received an oracle that he would be murdered by his own son Oedipus’s life ended up being spared and unknown to him he was adopted by the King of Corinth Now it was clear to him that besides murdering his father he has slept with his own mother and fathered children that were also his brothers and sisters Jocasta upon finding out this complex imbroglio can't deal with the unimaginable situation and kills herself hide spoiler


  4. Sean Barrs Sean Barrs says:

    Sometimes life's a real bitch Fate is unavoidable in ancient Greek Tragedy Trying to avoid it will only lead to it and doing nothing will lead you there too So if a God tells you that you will die at the hands of your son and that he will then go on to steal your wife you’d best do nothing because it’s going to happen anyway Any preventative action you take will only lead to the same ending So you’re pretty much screwed You might as well lie down and accept it The God's are mean But nope if you’re like the King of Thebes you’ll leave your infant son for dead instead Poor Oedipus He really didn’t have much chance in life He could do nothing to intervene with his own destiny mainly because his tragic flaw is his lack of awareness about his true origins He hears a rumour of the prophecy told to his farther so he endeavours to stay away from him But in doing so he is pushed ever closer to his real farther That’s the problem with being abandoned at birth; you just don’t know who is who in the world There’s some irony in this somewhere Indeed it suggests that no free will exists at all because any exertions of the supposed free will lead to the predetermined fate So every action has been accounted for already The intended audience may have been aware of these powers but Oedipus and his farther were hapless in their wake They had to both learn the hard way Oedipus had to recognise it and in the process he shattered his life it made him tear out his very eyes Now that’s real grief There’s no wonder Aristotle made this his model for the perfect play because this is masterfulAristotle’s theory can be used to assist the reader in understanding how the plot contributes to the tragedy I couldn’t have read tragedy without it The tragedy is created in part by the complexity of its plot which leads towards the catharsis According to Aristotle’s Poetics the complexity of the plot is established through reversal recognition and suffering A simple plot will only establish one of these; therefore it will have a limited catharsis The reversal peritpeteia is the change of a state of affairs to its opposite such as the reversal of Oedipus’ identity The recognition anaghorsis is achieved through the acuiring of knowledge like the knowledge Oedipus gains of his birth Aristotle argues that an effective plot has its anaghorisis bound up with the peritpeteia This is because it “carries with it pity or fear” such as these following lines O god All come true all busting to lightO light now let me look my last on youI stand revealed at last ” Lines 1305 9I hope I didn’t lose anyone or bore them to death with my summary of Poetics The structure is the key; it is everything in delivering the plot If in the cathartic moment the action can evoke suffering through a combination of a reversal of circumstances during a brutally stark recognition then the ultimate delivery of pity and fear will be achieved Such is the case with Oedipus Oedipus’s hamartia his tragic flaw at the core of his being is his ignorance and when the veil is lifted he realises the tragedy of the situation; he realises all too late that fate is unshakable and unconuerable He has unknowingly committed incest with his mother and murdered his farther so like I said life is a real bitch


  5. James James says:

    Book Review 4 out of 5 stars to Oedipus Rex the first of The Theban Plays written by Sophocles around 430 BC If you are unfamiliar with Greek tragedies the thing you need to know most is that the authors often played with the concept of fate not just that some things are meant to be or to come back and haunt you but that there is always going on than you realize at the time This is one of the plays you should absolutely read Although borderline spoiler it's important to know 1 fact about the play as it plays into the mind of so many psychologists today when they speak about an Oedipal Complex as in all young boys kids? fall in love with their mothers at some point Essentially Oedipus kills the King and marries the King's wife Little does he know that was his father and she is his mother Whaaaaattttt? How does that happen? Seriously well the plot is intricate the history is insane and it's only the first of three in this trilogy Find a translation and read it It's a little convoluted and the language may be a bit metaphorical in too many places but the characters and the plot is amazing About Me For those new to me or my reviews here's the scoop I read A LOT I write A LOT And now I blog A LOT First the book review goes on Goodreads and then I send it on over to my WordPress blog at where you'll also find TV Film reviews the revealing and introspective 365 Daily Challenge and lots of blogging about places I've visited all over the world And you can find all my social media profiles to get the details on the whowhatwhenwhere and my pictures Leave a comment and let me know what you think Vote in the poll and ratings Thanks for stopping by


  6. emma emma says:

    nothin like a forced reread in order to write a terrible paper classic oedipus always going and getting himself into life ruining city destroying shenanigans '


  7. Kalliope Kalliope says:

    THE EYE THAT DIES I have not read Sophocles’ text recently but listened to this exceptional audio edition Powerfully acted out with an eerie chorus and dramatic music it has been a superb experienceI have come back to this play now in a roundabout way As part of a Seminar on Aesthetics The Eye that Thinks imparted in the Prado Museum we were prompted by our Professor Félix de Azúa to read Oedipus in a Hegelian framework We had been discussing the contributions of Hegel to Aesthetics and he wanted us to visit the play and think of the role of Sphinx and the significance of ThebesIn Hegel’s aesthetic system he identified Greek sculptures as the apex of what art could achieve in its uest of perfect and supreme beauty Earlier architecture and art were still immature attempts For example the large Egyptian monuments were undertakings in which matter still prevailed over Geist When Hegel saw some Kouroi in Munich now in the Glyptotech specimens of very early Greek art he was struck by the significance of the step in this walking manIn Egyptian representations of humans legs are seen in profile They depicted stability while the Greek marble in Munich man was striding forward The Kouros although still using Egyptian conventions presented something very new It embodied gesture And Hegel thought that art should strive to represent movement The conceptual step of the Kouros an awakening out of immobility separated the worlds of the two Thebes the one in Boetia in ancient Greece from the one up the Nile in ancient Egypt In Greece Geist was finally on the moveIf Hegel favoured Greek sculpture he found that Greek drama could offer an additional dimension to sculpted beauty as the unfolding of time could be represented as well For him Greek tragedy had invoked the greatest aesthetic powerHegel had also understood the Egyptian Sphinx as the first instance of the representation of human emerging out liberating himself from his animal nature In this reading of Oedipus Rex as I have tried to keep on some sort of Hegelian glasses and forget about the pervasive Freudian interpretation I have seen the solution of Oedipus to the riddle of the Sphinx and the conseuent dissolution of the curse on Thebes and the destruction of the monster as the emergence of humanity over its previous servitudes and imprisonment And yet this conuered freedom also brought the possibility of unwilled intention or of the unintended will and the impossibility of unlearning what one already knowsTrapped in this situation Oedipus attempt to escape his knowledge by doing away with his eyes could only bring deathAs the chorus chants it is the only liberation


  8. Hend Hend says:

    Oedipus of Sophocles is a great work of art written by a great poetthis play symbolizes for the human misery and despairthe torments of the human soulthe innocence and guiltWisdom Out of Suffering and Fate that determines many things no matter how we struggle to change itOedipus hears about his dreadful fate from the Delphic oracle and flees from Corinth But instead of fleeing from his fate he runs into itOedipus a passionate heartwho ask uestions and take riskshas all the ualities of a great manhe has gone through sudden shifts on the course of his life and lets every situation control himDespite his flaws Oedipus is a good person who seeks the truth no matter how devastating and who accept the responsibility for his actionsAt the end of the play Oedipus accepts his fate as well as the punishment given to himHe had promised to exile the one who is responsible for the plague and he fulfills his promise even if he himself is the one to be exiled By mercilessly punishing himself he becomes a great herowho has a Respect for JusticeJocasta on the other hand appears as a person who would rather control the situation She reveals that she is mature than Oedipus and even reveals a maternal side towards him This is evident in the way she tries to stop Oedipus from investigating further into the mystery of his birth At this point she has realized the possibility that Oedipus may be her son She would rather let the dreadful fact remain a mystery then let it ruin their livesThe entwined sheets with which she hangs herself symbolize the double life she has ledOedipus tragic position and his trial to elude the prophecies and to challenge his Fate that was inevitable as he at last fails but just having the courage to attempt makes him a true hero This play raises a uestionwhen someone is trying to avoid doing things Does he have free will or the ability to choose his own path or is everything in life predetermined?


  9. Zenki the Hermit Zenki the Hermit says:

    You'll enjoy this book if you like👑 Plays duh👑 Ancient Greece also duh👑 A fast read👑 Gods who release plagues on a kingdom to ignite drama👑 view spoilerPatricide and incest I mean not necessarily like them but tolerate them haha hide spoiler


  10. Miltos S. Miltos S. says:

    Βρε τον Οιδίποδα τον Τυραγνισμένο Είχε πολύ ψωμί τελικάΠέρα από την πλάκα τώρα τέτοια κείμενα είναι που σε κάνουν να λες ότι αξίζει να νιώθεις περήφανος έστω που έχεις την τύχη να ζεις στον ίδιο χώρο που έζησαν και αυτοί οι μεγάλοι δημιουργοί τόσες χιλιάδες χρόνια πρινΈνα έργο που δεν θα ξεπεραστεί όσες χιλιετίες κι αν περάσουν


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